It is a common belief that infertility is mostly a woman’s issue. Well, this is wrong as both men and women could have problems that cause infertility. According to statistics and analysis, about one-third of infertility problems are due to woman’s issues while another one-third is due to the man’s issues. Successful conception is a concerted effort because the man’s sperm must be healthy as well as the woman’s egg. Other factors such as blocked fallopian tubes and hormonal problems could make pregnancy difficult. Male and female fertility issues which make pregnancy difficult include the following:
- Azoospermia: In this case, no sperm cells are produced at all.
- Oligospermia: Few sperm cells are produced.
- Dead and malformed sperm cells: The sperm cells could die before reaching the egg in the fallopian tube.
- The sperm’s DNA could also be damaged, fragmented and have abnormal chromosomes which could eventually lead to miscarriage after fertilization.
- Varicocele: Varicocele is a condition which happens when the veins on a man’s testicles are too large, causing heat in the testicles which could damage the sperm.
- Poor sperm motility: This could be caused by the shape of the sperm and sometimes, damage or injuries to the reproductive system which could block the sperm.
- Certain lifestyle choices like drinking, smoking, drug abuse, poor nutrition and excessive weight could negatively affect the sperm of a man.
- Congenital disorders: A man could be born with issues that affect his sperm.
- Anovulation (Inability to ovulate): Most causes of female infertility are associated with problems caused by ovulation. Without ovulation, there are no eggs that will be fertilized. Some signs that a woman is not ovulating usually includes irregular or absent menstrual periods which could be due to hormonal imbalance.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome: Small fluid filled sacs called cyst grow inside the ovaries which never mature enough to trigger ovulation thereby altering levels of oestrogen and progesterone making them lower than usual.
- Primary ovarian insufficiency is another ovulation problem which happens when a woman’s ovary stops working before 40 years.
- Blocked fallopian tubes making it difficult for fertilization to occur.
- Pelvic inflammatory diseases and endometriosis which could negatively damage your the pelvic organs.
- Physical problems with the uterus.
- Uterine fibroids which are non-cancerous clumps of tissue and muscle on the walls of the uterus could interfere with fertilization and cause miscarriage.
- Age can cause infertility as the ability of the ovaries to produce eggs decline with age.
In conclusion, infertility is not just a woman’s issue as successful conception is dependent on the reproductive health of both the man and woman. It is necessary for couples to also check themselves to detect signs of infertility if they have been trying to conceive for over a year without success and get the necessary treatment pertaining to the condition. They should also go for Fertility supplements like Evergreen formular for men and women which will boost their fertility and increase their chances of conception.