The most common cause of infertility in women may include ovulation problems of issues with fertilization. However, some cases can be due to problems with the womb. Uterine and cervical problems can affect fertility by interfering with implantation or increasing the risk of a miscarriage.
Here are some of the womb problems that can make it more difficult to conceive:
- Asherman’s Syndrome: Injury to the womb may damage the inner layer and cause formation of scar tissues between the inner walls of the womb, where the walls adhere or stick to each other. This condition is called Asherman’s Syndrome. It can be caused by mechanical injury from an accident or a previous surgery. It can also be caused by infections.
- Fibroids: In most cases, having fibroids will not stop any woman from getting pregnant. However, in some cases, fibroids can cause infertility by obstructing the fallopian tubes and preventing sperm from fertilizing the egg. Larger fibroids can even make the womb bigger, thereby increasing the distance the sperm has to travel.
- Endometriosis: When tissue which normally lines the uterus starts growing outside the uterus to other parts of the pelvic organs, it can cause scarring, disrupt implantation and get the uterus inflamed.
- Abnormally shaped Uterus: If a woman’s womb is abnormally shaped before birth, it can cause infertility issues in her reproductive years. It can also cause irregular periods or not having any periods at all. Many women with an abnormally shaped womb do not have problems getting pregnant or giving birth to healthy babies, but there are some who may require medical intervention to get pregnant and to carry a baby to term.
Treatment of some womb problems may be done through hysteroscopy. A doctor can remove the scar tissue or fibrous bands. In other cases where treatment is not possible, IVF (In-vitro Fertilization) may be recommended. Drugs like EggBoost may be recommended to boost the chances of having a successful IVF.